Hypertension, or high blood pressure is a cardiac medical condition affecting one out of every three adults in the United States. Blood pressure refers to the amount of pressure the blood places on the walls of the arteries as the blood flows through the body. The amount of pressure during a heartbeat is the systolic pressure, when having your blood pressure measured this is the first or top number. The amount of pressure between heartbeats is the diastolic pressure, the second or bottom number, and usually the lower number of the two.
When checked using Omron BP785 BP monitor, you would note that the normal blood pressure for adults is 120/80 or below. Pressure between 121/81 and 139/89 is referred to as pre-hypertension and may indicate a tendency to develop hypertension. Pre-hypertension affects 25% of all adult Americans. African Americans and Native Americans are more likely to have high blood pressure than Caucasians and Mexican Americans. Men and post-menopausal women are at equal risk for high blood pressure and the risk continues to rise with age.
There is usually no medical cause for over 90% of cases of hypertension, however there have been found certain risk factors that should be considered. Obesity, especially combined with a poor diet of foods high in fat is a common denominator among hypertensive patients. High salt intake is attributed to hypertension and pre-hypertension. Processed foods and food from fast food restaurants contain high levels of sodium, salt. Having more than one alcoholic beverage per day, one cocktail, one glass of wine, one 12oz beer, and smoking increases the risks of developing high blood pressure. Persons who live with constant stress risk hypertension even if no other risk factors are involved including heredity, a family history of hypertension.
High blood pressure can lead to heart disease which is the number one cause of death in the United States as well as stroke which is the number three cause of death in the U.S. Hypertension is associated with silent strokes. A person that has had a silent stroke will usually not be aware of it, silent strokes have no symptoms. However they do cause brain damage and can lead to a major stroke later. It is very important for all adults to have their blood pressure measured at least once per year in their doctor’s office by a qualified.